Before You Whip Out Your Camera – “Take a moment to smell the roses” – This is a good read from Digital Photography School –
II have long been an advocate of checking out where you are going to shoot pictures. Getting the lay of the land and the interaction of the local population no matter where you are can lead to better images.
Now of course when it comes to certain types of photography such as sports and street a lot is also dependent upon spontaneity but just knowing where you can be do get the great shot is important in these fast-moving moments.
You can read the article here